Vol 3 (2000)

The third volume of EJISDC grows to eight papers, reflecting the growth in the rate of submissions.

In our first paper, Alvin Yeo of the Computer Science Department, University of Waikato, addresses the efficacy of the global-software development lifecycle; a software development approach that is used to develop software originating in the West for the global market. He suggests that cultural factors intervene in the last phase, that of software usability assessment techniques, which are commonly applied to assess how usable software is that has been translated into another language.

Carlos da Silva and Aline Fernandes of the Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil, describe a series of decision support systems (DSS) for the promotion of small-scale agroindustrial investment in rural areas. Hypertext files describe technological processes, related legislation and potential markets, while graphical images present plant floor plans and 3-D views of facilities and equipment layout. Costs and market prices are blended into economic-engineering models that compute standard financial evaluation indicators. Early indications suggest the DSS can effectively promote agroindustrial investments.

According to the results of a study in Tanzania, DSS also have the potential to improve decision quality, competitive edge, timesaving and productivity when users have both sufficient technical knowledge of the system and enough experience on the job. A survey of 27 organisations by Dietrich Splettstoesser of the University of Dar es Salaam and Fred Kimaro of the Cooperative College Moshi, Tanzania, examined the user perception of DSS in support of decision-making.

Next, Howard Rubin of Hunter College takes a sideways look at IT from a global viewpoint. As a starting point for understanding the issues in IT in developing countries, many of us examine how the situation in developed countries contrasts to that in the third world. Howard’s contribution provides many of the details that can help flesh out such a comparison. For example, his examination of global software economics suggests that whilst the cost of a line of code in India is slightly more than a quarter of what it is in the USA, Indian software contains 60% more defects than does American.

In our next paper, A.B. Zaitun, Y. Mashkuri of the University of Malaya and Trevor Wood-Harper of the Universities of Salford and South Australia, report on three Malaysian case studies on the success factors for systems integration. The authors recommend that most of the obstacles to the successful implementation of systems integration can be resolved through inter-organisational co-operation, inter-organisational structures and a change in business processes.

Teh Ying Wah and A. B. Zaitun, of the University of Malaya, introduce current query processing techniques in Data Warehousing in our sixth paper. They compare the performance of four file-indexing techniques, and they outline the circumstances under which each technique is superior.

In our next paper, Chrisanthi Avgerou of the London School of Economics, and Chairperson of the IFIP Working Group 9.4 on the social implications of computers in developing countries, discusses the multiple rationalities of Information Systems deployment. Chrisanthi points to an aspect of the study of IS in developing countries that can help developers in the developed world reflect on their own assumptions, particularly the supremacy of the mutually dependent techno-scientific and economic rationalities of modernity. Her argument is that it is important to focus on the differing ideas of rational action that are fostered and sustained by different cultures when trying to understand clashes and difficulties in IS implementations.

Finally, Norhayati Abd. Mukti, of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, examines factors such as background characteristics, attitudes and concerns that relate to Malaysian teachers’ use of computer technology in their teaching. Her study supports the proposition that more knowledgable teachers showed a more positive attitude toward the use of microcomputers in classroom instruction, despite the presence of a number of hindrances.

Table of Contents

In this Volume, the downloads# is the number of downloads since April 2005. The total number of downloads, i.e. since the original publication date, is not available.

Research Papers

Are Usability Assessment Techniques Reliable in Non-Western Cultures? PDF
Alvin W. Yeo # of downloads: 3484

Decision Support Systems for Small Scale Agroindustrial Investment Promotion in Rural Areas PDF
Carlos Arthur B. da Silva, Aline R. Fernandes # of downloads: 3475

Benefits of IT-Based Decision-Making in Developing Countries PDF
Dietrich Splettstoesser, Fred Kimaro # of downloads: 4242

Global Software Economics PDF
Howard A. Rubin # of downloads: 4589

Systems Integration for a Developing Country: Failure or Success? A Malaysian Case Study PDF
A. B. Zaitun, Y. Mashkuri, A. T. Wood-Harper # of downloads: 3589

Query Processing Techniques in Data Warehousing Using Cost Model PDF
Ying Wah Teh, A. B. Zaitun # of downloads: 2694

Recognising Alternative Rationalities in the Deployment of Information Systems PDF
Chrisanthi Avgerou # of downloads: 5326

Computer Technology In Malaysia: Teachers' Background Characteristics, Attitudes and Concerns PDF
Norhayati Abd. Mukti # of downloads: 10295

The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries.
ISSN: 1681-4835 www.ejisdc.org