Vol 8 (2002)

EJISDC is well into its third year. We are receiving hits from more than 70 countries, at an average rate of around 13 per day. We receive a regular supply of submissions and our rate of acceptance is approximately 50%. We are expanding our editorial board as well as our editorial team. We are increasingly working with conferences in order to offer further publishing opportunities for authors whose work we consider worthy of reaching a wider audience. This edition was edited by Roger Harris who attended a conference in Nepal focussing on ICTs for development. The result is a special edition devoted to South Asia.

This volume focuses on ICT initiatives from South Asia, with papers from India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. The volume is a special issue that features a conference that took place in Kathmandu Nepal on 29-30 November 2001; The International Conference on Information, Technology, Communications and Development (ITCD) organised by the NGO Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. FES is a German non-governmental and non-profit foundation working for more than 30 years in Asia, Africa and Latin America. It is committed to the basic values of social democracy; freedom, social justice, and solidarity, and in Nepal it works in the fields of democratisation, trade union development, media and regional co-operation in South Asia. The organisers were encouraged by the response to the first conference so that it is being held again on December 1-3, 2002, in Kathmandu, Nepal. See the conference web site at http://www.itcd.net/index.htm. In addition, we include a paper from the Indian State of Kerala as it complements those from the conference.

The conference is summarised by our contributor, Gaurab Raj Upadhaya, and can by obtained by clicking in the Summary section below. The papers begin with Professor Patrick Hall, of the UK’s Open University, who looks at software localisation within its economic context, where making computers work in many languages is not economically worth while. A pressing issue for the many languages and scripts in South Asia and Prof. Hall argues that this means moving to embedding the meaning of messages and interactions within the software, using natural language generation technologies to create messages that output this meaning to the human user.

Next, Nair and Prasad take a close look at the development of IT in the Indian State of Kerala Their study shows that in spite of financial constraints, Kerala has made significant achievements in E-governance. However, the growth of IT industries is not commensurate with the potential of the State, which should take a tip from the neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh which have achieved impressive growth in their IT industries. Kerala has all the intrinsic advantages in terms of infrastructure and manpower but it lacks a suitable promotion strategy to attract domestic and foreign investors.

In "Information Technology in Nepal: What Role for the Government?" Junelee Pradhan, of the University of South Australia, argues that Nepal urgently needs to develop a culturally appropriate national strategy for IT in order to have a positive impact on overall socio-economic development. The strategy will need to address resistance to change due to cultural, personal and infrastructure factors, and will need to be constructed as an evolving and learning system.

Ian Pringle and M.J.R. David (local project leader) examine the Kothmale Community Radio and Internet experiment in Sri Lanka. Kothmale has laid the groundwork for the local community to use ICTs for a variety of purposes, including economic improvements, the development of new skills, networking and of course for entertainment and enjoyment. Kothmale’s experience also demonstrates the value of converging localised media services and centres, in this case, using community radio as a model and a base for rural ICT application.

Shakya and Rauniar introduce IT education in Nepal, and conclude that universities and colleges in Nepal have come out extensively with IT related courses and programs. Yet for Nepal, which has traditionally lacked a sound education system, it was found that there were numerous areas of concerns in the way IT education was being imparted in the country. Several recommendations for improvements are made.

Finally, Yousaf Haroon Mujahid reviews the potential for ICT-induced development in Pakistan and describes some digital opportunity initiatives in the country, suggesting that the role of government invariably becomes the centrepiece of bringing ICT initiatives into reality by creating a favourable environment, grooming human capacity, developing and upgrading infrastructure, and promising a robust and transparent ICT policy.

Table of Contents


In this Volume, the downloads# is the number of downloads since April 2005. The total number of downloads, i.e. since the original publication date, is not available.

Summary

Conference Summary of The International Conference on Information, Technology, Communications and Development (ITCD) 2001 PDF
Gaurab Raj Upadhaya # of downloads: 3808


In this Volume, the downloads# is the number of downloads since April 2005. The total number of downloads, i.e. since the original publication date, is not available.

Research Papers

Bridging the Digital Divide, the Future of Localisation PDF
Patrick A.V. Hall # of downloads: 3737

Development through Information Technology in Developing Countries: Experiences from an Indian State PDF
K. G.K. Nair, P. N. Prasad # of downloads: 24961

Information Technology in Nepal: What Role for the Government? PDF
Junelee Pradhan # of downloads: 24391

Rural Community ICT Applications: The Kothmale Model PDF
Ian Pringle, M. J.R. David # of downloads: 7837

Information Technology Education in Nepal: An Inner Perspective PDF
Subarna Shakya, Deepak Rauniar # of downloads: 9805

Digital Opportunity Initiative for Pakistan PDF
Yousaf Haroon Mujahid # of downloads: 8867



The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries.
ISSN: 1681-4835 www.ejisdc.org